And that my friends is the $64 billion question of the ages…..
There has been so many attempts and so many plans in the past….all of which have failed for some reason or another….just a brief list of the past proposals……….
One Jewish State – The early Zionists envisioned a single Jewish state that would encompass all of the land from beyond the Jordan river to the sea, as well as Gaza and parts of what is now Lebanon. The single Jewish state plan was abandoned by most Zionists when it became apparent that the Jews could not be a decisive majority in all of Palestine. Today, settlers and right wing Zionists propose various single state solutions that all seek to maintain a Jewish majority in the land, either by expelling Palestinians or by denying or abridging their political rights.
One Arab State – Arab states and Palestinian leaders called for a single Palestinian Arab state in Palestine. This “plan” has been put forward from time to time with different variants. All of them would put an end to Zionism and would not allow free Jewish immigration to Israel. After WW II The Palestinian leader Haj Amin el Husseini, told the British that the Jewish problem in Palestine should be solved in the same was as it had been “solved” by Hitler in Europe (by murdering the Jews). In 1967, on the eve of the 6-day war, Ahmed Shokhairy, then head of the PLO, spoke at UN, giving the Palestinian one-state solution. He explained that “if it will be our privilege to strike the first blow,” the PLO would exile from Israel all Zionists who arrived after 1917 and create a “secular democratic state. This secular democratic state became the program of the Palestine Liberation Organization and of the Fateh which sought to “liberate” Palestine from the Zionists by armed struggle. The Hamas and Islamic Jihad prefer an Islamic state, in which Jews and other religious minorities can remain as dhimmis (second class citizens).
Binational State – This idea was advanced by Dr. Yehuda Magnes, President of the Hebrew University and the Jewish philosopher Martin Buber. This state would have Jewish and Arab cantons, similar to the Swiss German and French Cantons. The idea was presented to the Anglo-American commission in 1946, was favored by the Mapam party and by the USSR. However, the idea lost support after the Arab states and Palestinian leadership totally rejected it. The binational state has a few modern proponents, including Meron Benvenisti, Noam Chomsky and Edward Said.
Two State Partition Solution – The British first partitioned Palestine in 1922, cutting off Transjordan from the Palestine mandate of the League of nations, along with the announcement by Winston Churchill that the Mandate called for a Jewish home in Palestine, but not necessarily in all of Palestine. The Peel and Woodhead commissions of 1937 and 1938 recommended a further partition, into a tiny Jewish state and much larger Arab state. The Arabs rejected this solution and the British abandoned it. The UN called for the establishment of two states in UN General Assembly Resolution 181, which became the basis for the establishment of Israel. The Arab countries opposed Resolution 181, and were also not enthusiastic about creating a Palestinian state, preferring to divide the territory of Palestine between them.
Alon Plan – Israeli general and political leader Yigal Alon formulated this plan for partition of the West Bank with part of the land to be returned to Jordan as a solution for the Israeli Palestinian conflict.
Autonomy – Israel PM Menachem Begin proposed that Israel would give autonomy to Palestinians, in the framework of the Israeli – Egyptian peace treaty. The “autonomy” would allow Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza to run their internal affairs, but would give them no rights at all over the land, and no representation as a sovereign state. They could have Jordanian or Egyptian citizenship. A plan consistent with autonomy was submitted by the Israeli government in 1989.
Harold H. Saunders offered a peace plan in outline in 1975 that eventually became the basis for US thinking about peace between Israel and the Palestinians.
The Barak Offer, Taba talks and Clinton Compromise – During 2000 and early 2001, Israelis and Palestinians negotiated unsuccessfully regarding a final status solution. Though the overall result was a failure, there were many points of agreement. The nature of the settlement and the proposed maps are detailed here and here.
It appears everybody has a plan….and no body has the inclination to see if any of them will work out favorably for both parties……with that can of track record is any plan doomed from the start?
No peace plan will have any chance of success as long as the leadership of both parties does not want the plan to work….a better way to spend the time is finding common ground and common interests then formulate a plan and present it to both parties simultaneously….no hidden agendas or hidden desires toward either party….then a deadline for acceptance or not and then a press conference with both parties in attendance and let them explain what is good or bad about the plan…..no he said, they said…..
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